Referring to Law No. 7 of 2008 , the port has three functions in the trade , namely as the transport chain , as industrial entities , and the gate of the country .
As the chain of transport , seaports is one point of meetings and the movement of goods or people from land transport modes kemoda sea transport , or vice versa . Goods are transported by ship to be dismantled and moved inland keangkutan such as truck or rail . Therefore , the access road cars , railways , lines from and to the airport is very important for the port . In addition , supporting facilities such as small boats and barges would greatly help smooth port activity.
As an industrial entity, the port is an industry of its own kind. Import-export activity at the port, as a place to do business menjadikanpelabuhan various types of businesses such as banking, transportation, loading and unloading equipment leasing companies, including customs.
As the gate or gate, the port serves as the entrance to a certain country. Residents and goods from other countries that have economic ties enter a country through the port. Therefore, the image of a country is also determined by the condition of the sea port. Cleanliness and service at the port reflect the condition of the country concerned. Especially as the chain of transport, the port is directly related to economic growth. Ports that operate efficiently will reduce logistics costs. In turn decrease logistics costs would boost economic growth because of transportation costs decreased and the product can be sold cheaper.
Ports in Indonesia actually has a favorable position. The ships were coming from the Indian Ocean with the aim of Far East Asia will cross the territorial waters of Indonesia through the Strait of Malacca, Sunda Strait, Lombok Strait, and Strait East. Most of the ships going through the Strait of Malacca and the Sunda Strait because it is the closest. While that through not too much and generally are large-sized vessels such as super tanker. The conditions will obviously be very beneficial Tanjung Priok and Belawan, Tanjung Perak while the port is functioning as a distribution for the eastern region of Indonesia.
PT Pelabuhan Indonesia II (IPC) was born as a follow-up to Law No. 21 of 1992 regarding business entity port. PT Pelindo II is one of the state in the transport sector which is engaged in the management and operation of public ports. Companies operating areas include 10 provinces to manage 12 ports.
In 2008 the government issued Law No.17 / 2008 on the voyage which mandates that PT Pelindo (I-IV) focus as port operator. Previously, PT Pelindo dual role as operator and regulator. The role of the operator is running the port services, such as providing infrastructure and mechanical equipment port, and performing all business activities associated with the port ship service, freight services and passenger services.
The port has an important role in the economic growth of a country. One example is the presence of the archipelago pendulum projects undertaken by PT. Pelabuhan Indonesia II (Persero) as a form of support for government programs that are listed in the Masterplan Percepatan dan Perluasan Pembangunan Ekonomi Indonesia (MP3EI) in order to accelerate the realization of economic expansion and the equitable distribution of wealth among the people of Indonesia. Project pendulum archipelago is the line that connects strategic ports in Indonesia from east to west. These ports will be increased both the facilities and infrastructure to be able to serve vessels with a relatively large size so as to reduce logistics costs and encourage the equitable distribution of national economic growth in Indonesia.